The term LAMP is an acronym for its key components – Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP/Perl/Python and was coined by Michael Kunze in1998. It is the most common solution stack for web development and is referred to as the generic software stack model.
Alternatively, LEMP is a combination of the same software components except for Apache which is replaced by Nginx (Engine X). The model consists of free and open-source software with various and retronyms suitable for the operating system, database, web server, and software languages too. Linux
Also known as Linux Kernel it is a widely accepted and ported operating system belonging to the family of open-source UNIX-like operating systems. This community-developed operating system is suitable for computers, mainframes, servers, embedded devices, and mobile devices. Ideally, this operating system is suitable for browsing, emailing, graphic management, etc. Apache
It is the HTTP server that is developed and maintained by an open community of developers at Apache Software Foundation. According to Net craft’s 2013 estimation Apache served 54.2% of all active websites and grew its dominance to 54.2% in the year 2014. Its diversified features support the several compiled module of the website and application development process from server-side programming to authentication. Nginx (Engine X)
Nginx is the replaced component in the LEMP environment which is pronounced as Engine X. This web server operates on the event-driven approach and is potent to handle multiple requests in a single thread. Moreover, it supports all the members of the Unix-like OS family. Furthermore, Engine X is simper to install ad configure the concurrent connections while serving the static files. MySQL & alternatives
Originally, it was considered as the relational database management system of LAMP. Presently, it is provisioned by community-developed forks like Postgre SQL, Maria DB, NoSQL, etc. The multithreaded and multi-user database management system strengthens the data integration and helps to develop a variety of applications
with great ease and efficiency. PHP & alternatives
In the LAMP and LEMP atmosphere, the PHP’s role is performed by its two alternatives Perl and Python. Since PHP is the server-side scripting language for web development, similarly Peri and Python are the high-level general-purpose programming language that provides dynamic typing system, memory management, and access to the elongated library. As a result, makes the full-stack web development process a seamless task for scripting and non – scripting contexts.